F14 Installation Procedure
you have partitioned your
hard drive, you need to change the BIOS settings on your computer to
allow it to boot from the CD/DVD drive first.
After you turn on the power to your computer, getting into the BIOS
configuration is typically
done by pressing either F2 or F12 after you see the initial
splash screen being displayed on the monitor.
1. boot Options
next step is to
insert the Fedora 14 DVD Disk into your
CD/DVD drive, and reboot the machine. A simple VGA splash screen
will appear, allowing you to Install
a new system or upgrade an exiting system, Install system
with basic video driver, Rescue installed system, Boot from local
drive, or perform a Memory test.
It is important to note that you can also pass other
kernel, such as setting the resolution. The option for doing so is
given by the hitting the Tab key.
When I originally installed FC6 on a new Dell D620 laptop
given to me by the university a day after FC6 was released), the kernel
bit of difficulty determining the appropriate resolution of the display
(1440 x 900), although Fedora 8 has had no such problems. If you are
having problems with the graphical installer, you can
use the 'resolution=<width>x<height>'
try and force a particular resolution. For example, you could boot with
initrd=initrd.img resolution=1024x768'. Regardless, select
a new system or upgrade an existing system and hit Enter.
The boot process will then begin.
you will be prompted to
test the DVD media. I strongly recommend testing the DVD
to make sure that the disk will work (i.e., it has been burned
correctly). Hit OK,
followed by Test,
and the DVD will be checked for errors. If it passes,
will be given the opportunity to check additional disks if you burned
multiple copies of the DVD. When
you are finished testing, hit OK,
the Right Arrow
to select Continue. Make
sure the Fedora DVD is in the CD/DVD drive.
3. Splash Screen
Fedora installer anaconda
now fully load. Go ahead and hit Next
Fedora splash screen appears.
4. Selecting the
and Keyboard Layout
your language and keyboard
selection. If you are in the United States, choosing English
(English) and U.S.
English, respectively, is probably a good idea, unless you
feel like trying to pick up a new language while simultaneously
learning a different keyboard layout. After you make
each selection, click Next.
you are using a locally attached hard drive, select Basic Storage
Devices and click Next.
6. Installation Options
You have the option of performing a Fresh Installation or Upgrading an Existing Installation.
Installation and click Next.
prompted for a hostname, enter the fully resolvable domain name of the
computer and hit click Next.
on the map
location that is nearest to where you live (for me
this means choosing America/Los_Angeles
even though I am in Fresno), and unclick the System
clock uses UTC. This is because I also have a
Windows partition that interacts with the hardware clock, and the two
do not play nicely with each other if UTC is enabled. Click Next
9. root Password
password, but be sure to choose something that contains both alpha and
numeric characters, along with at least one special character to ensure
that it will not be easily cracked by other people trying to break into
your system. Click Next
are now given an
option as to whether or not you wish to perform a
fresh install of Fedora, or if you want to upgrade an existing
installation. Since I perform automatic backups of all
relevant data, I find it easiest to just install Fedora from scratch to
avoid any upgrade problems — which is not uncommon, even when using
another Linux distribution.
if you have not
already partitioned your hard drive, it is
important that you do
not allow anaconda
to Use All Space
unless you enjoy watching your Windows partition get blown away.
Justification for manually setting up your partitions is provided on
the Partition Sizes
page. This implies that
not advise choosing
the Use All Space, Replace existing
Linux System(s), Shrink Current System, or Use Free Space
select the Create Custom Layout
option, and hit Next.
If you have already partitioned your drive, you will only
have to set
mount points and re-format the partitions. If you have not
fully partitioned your hard drive yet, you will need to create new
primary and logical partitions, but you will be unable to do so if your
Windows partition is currently taking up the entire space on
your hard drive. In this case, you will need to use
an external tool to first resize the partition.
See the Pre-Installation
Tasks page for details.
Since I typically tweek my partition sizes a bit
installing a fresh version of Fedora, my partitions are always created
ahead of time. To set the mount point, simply double click on
a partition, and type in the label for the Mount
Point based upon the partition size (i.e., /boot, /, /opt, /tmp, /usr, /usr/local, /var, /backup, and /home).
After typing in the mount point, click on the Format
partition as: option, and choose the ext4
partition (to enable file journaling for graceful recovery from system
crashes) for every partition except the SWAP
partition, which should be formatted as swap
(please note that you will not be able to set a mount point for the swap
partition), and the /home
NTFS partition, if you have one, should NOT be labeled or formatted!
Once the appropriate mount points and formatting options have
been set, hit OK,
and move to the next partition. After all partitions have
been configured, hit Next
and verify that each of the partitions have their mount point labeled
correctly and will be formated when the Format
Warnings window pops up. If you are satisfied,
followed by Write Changes to
Your partitions will now be formatted.
12. Bootloader Options
typically allow GRUB
(the GRand Unified Boot loader)to
be installed on the hard drive,
and am satisfied with it taking over the Master Boot Record, simply
because I always have a dual boot system on each of my computers, and
have never found a reason to remove Linux from any one of them.
Therefore, click on the Install boot
loader on /dev/... option.
Next, decide which operating system you want to boot into by Default,
and click on the appropriate box. The "Other"
operating system is your NTFS Windows partition (if you have one), so
go ahead and double click
on it and change the label to "Windows 7",
or whatever best describes what you
have. Click OK,
followed by Next.
should see a messages that says Transfering
Install Image to Hard
Drive, followed by Retrieving
Installation Information for Fedora...
installation page provides general groups of software that
can be installed. Click on the Graphical Desktop button,
and click on the Customize
now button. Then click Next.
(We will deal with repositories later.)
Next you are presented with a dialog page that allows you to
more specific software groups and sub-groups, and even individual
packages if you click on the Optional
packages button. Since I like to install as much
of "Everything" as possible, the simplest way to do this is to click on
each of the groups (Desktop
etc.) and right click
on each of the sub-groups (GNOME
Desktop Environment, KDE,
etc.) and choose the Select
all optional packages option. Even simpler, you
can highlight all of the sub-groups at once using the Shift
key and clicking on the bottom group, which means that you only
have to Select
all optional packages 5 times, based upon the number of
groups that are present. The only group that I do not do this
for is the Languages
group. I have absolutely no need for Assamese, Bulgarian, Southern Ndebele,
or any other language besides English.
This is your last chance to go back and make changes before
reaching the point of no return. If you are satisfied with your
configuration setup, click Next,
will begin the process of installing Fedora onto your hard drive. You will see a message that says "Checking
dependencies in packages selected for installation...",
which will take a minute or two to complete, depending upon how many
packages you have chosen to install. Once complete, you should
see a message "Starting
install process. This may take several minutes...", and "Preparing
transaction with installation source..."
before packages begin installing onto your computer. Once
finished, click on Reboot,
and allow the computer to
reboot into Fedora.
Next up is the First